2016: The Electricity of Tomorrow

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THE GRAND CHALLENGE
Design an electric power system that takes full advantage of the convergence of energy, communications, sensing, and computing technologies in a cyber-physical system that enables society to reach its diverse energy objectives, such as 50 percent renewables or 80 percent reduction of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by 2050. Part of the challenge is to make the transition to high levels of renewable resources transparent to users of electric energy where this transparency relates to both reliability of the electric supply as well as its economy.

Power and energy engineering in its first century of existence has largely been concerned with alleviating humankind of its burdens. In the latter portion of the previous century, information collection, transfer, and processing have augmented the role of energy and power utilization. Not only is technology changing, but also societal expectations of the electric power system are changing, particularly as environmental and economic concerns grow.

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